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The most common forms of thyroid dysfunction include:

  • Hypothyroidism -- an under functioning thyroid gland

  • Hyperthyroidism -- an over functioning thyroid gland

  • Autoimmune thyroid disease -- antibodies (cells produced by our immune system) inappropriately attack the thyroid gland, leading to hashimoto’s thyroiditis or grave’s disease


Symptoms of an Underactive Thyroid


  • Weight gain

  • Persistent fatigue

  • Hair loss

  • Depression, low mood

  • Joint and muscle aches

  • Dry skin

  • Infertility

  • Elevated cholesterol

Thyroid Conditions

Symptoms of an Overactive Thyroid


  • Diarrhea

  • Excessive sweating

  • Elevated heart rate

  • Weight loss

  • Insomnia

  • Increased appetite

Thyroid conditions are becoming increasingly more common in North America, likely due to environmental and genetic factors. A large percentage of patients with thyroid conditions are under diagnosed due to the symptoms being vague and incomplete thyroid testing being done.




Physical exam of the thyroid is an important first step, as if there is any swelling, bogginess or nodules felt this could be an indication of thyroid dysfunction.


Lab testing is the the next step, which involves examining all thyroid markers. Including:

  • TSH

  • Free T3 - The active form of thyroid hormone in the body

  • Free T4

  • Thyroid antibodies, anti-TPO and anti-TG - If these are elevated, it is an indication of an autoimmune component to thyroid disease.


Often times, only TSH is tested, which does not provide all of the information to rule out a thyroid condition. Many patients have a normal TSH, with abnormal free T3 and free T4 results, indicating a poorly functioning thyroid. As well, if there is any indication that a patient could have a thyroid condition or there is a family history, I will test the thyroid antibodies. This is because if there is an elevation of the antibodies, it is an indication that at some point a thyroid condition could develop.  


Working together to find the root cause of the thyroid disease is a foundation for treatment, as often times if we can find the source of the problem, symptoms and thyroid lab markers will improve. 




Most patients with hypothyroidism are on synthroid, levothyroxine. This is the inactive form of thyroid hormone, T4, which your body is then required to convert into the active form of thyroid hormone, T3. Alternatives to synthroid that I explore with my patients include desiccated thyroid, which is a combination of T3 and T4, or getting thyroid hormone compounded specifically into a ratio of T3 and T4 suitable for you. Other options include prescribing just T3, commonly known as cytomel, or compounded slow release T3.


Apart from pharmaceuticals, supporting the body in its ability to produce the active form of thyroid hormone, T3, from T4 is fundamental. This can be done by providing co-factors, including selenium or herbals such as ashwagandha. Usually a combination of herbals and co-factor nutrients are most effective.


An important approach to treatment of thyroid conditions is supporting the adrenal glands. Often if there are improvements in cortisol production, it will alleviate the stress on the thyroid gland allowing for adequate production of T3 and T4.


Assessing food sensitivities can decrease autoimmunity if that is a component of disease for you. This can be done through an IgG Food Sensitivity test, or an elimination diet which examines the foods that may exacerbate your symptoms.


In an effort to minimize medication, I may begin with an herbal and nutritive approach prior to prescribing pharmaceuticals as it is preferred if we can encourage the body to produce enough thyroid hormone on its own. If a thyroid prescription is required, I have the ability to prescribe pharmaceuticals when necessary in the province of BC.

For more information on if Naturopathic medicine can help, call to book a

complimentary 15-minute meet and greet session with Dr. Stephanie!


#3-1140 Fort Street

Victoria, BC V8V 3K8

Tel: 250-415-6592

Fax: 778-698-1199

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Schedule a FREE meet and greet appointment to explore whether working together is the right fit for you. 

Copyright Dr. Stephanie Bayliss ND 2021